A blow up result for viscoelastic equations with arbitrary positive initial energy
© Ma et al; licensee Springer. 2011
Received: 5 March 2011
Accepted: 12 July 2011
Published: 12 July 2011
In this paper, we consider the following viscoelastic equations
with initial condition and zero Dirichlet boundary condition. Using the concavity method, we obtained sufficient conditions on the initial data with arbitrarily high energy such that the solution blows up in finite time.
Keywordsviscoelastic equations blow up positive initial energy
where Ω is a bounded domain of R n with smooth boundary ∂Ω, p > 1, q > 1 and g is a positive function. The wave equations (1.1) appear in applications in various areas of mathematical physics (see ).
If the equations in (1.1) have not the viscoelastic term , the equations are known as the wave equation. In this case, the equations have been extensively studied by many people. We observe that the wave equation subject to nonlinear boundary damping has been investigated by the authors Cavalcanti et al. [2, 3] and Vitillaro [4, 5]. It is important to mention other papers in connection with viscoelastic effects such as Aassila et al. [6, 7] and Cavalcanti et al. . Furthermore, related to blow up of the solutions of equations with nonlinear damping and source terms acting in the domain we can cite the work of Alves and Cavalcanti , Cavalcanti and Domingos Cavalcanti . As regards non-existence of a global solution, Levine  firstly showed that the solutions with negative initial energy are non-global for some abstract wave equation with linear damping. Later Levine and Serrin  studied blow-up of a class of more generalized abstract wave equations. Then Pucci and Serrin  claimed that the solution blows up in finite time with positive initial energy which is appropriately bounded. In  Levine and Todorova proved that there exist some initial data with arbitrary positive initial energy such that the corresponding solution to the wave equations blows up in finite time. Then Todorova and Vitillaro  improved the blow-up result above. However, they did not give a sufficient condition for the initial data such that the corresponding solution blows up in finite time with arbitrary positive initial energy. Recently, for problem (1.1) with g ≡ 0 and m = 1, Gazzalo and Squassina  established the condition for initial data with arbitrary positive initial energy such that the corresponding solution blows up in finite time. Zeng et al.  studied blowup of solutions for the Kirchhoff type equation with arbitrary positive initial energy.
and showed the global existence of the solutions if the initial data are small enough. Moreover, they derived decay estimate for the energy functional. In  Wang established the blow-up result for the above problem when the initial energy is high.
We next state some assumptions on g(s) and real numbers p > 1, q > 1.
for all v ∈ C1([0, ∞)) and t > 0.
Remark 1.1. It is clear that g(t) = εe -t (0 < ε < 1) satisfies the assumptions (A1) and (A2).
for the maximum existence time T, where T ∈ (0, ∞].
Our main blow-up result for the problem (1.2) with arbitrarily positive initial energy is stated as follows.
The rest of this paper is organized as follows. In Section 2, we introduce some lemmas needed for the proof of our main results. The proof of our main results is presented in Section 3.
In this section, we introduce some lemmas which play a crucial role in proof of our main result in next section.
Lemma 2.1. E(t) is a non-increasing function.
for every t ∈ [0, T0), and (u(x, t), v(x, t)) is the solution of the problem (1.2).
Then the function H(t) is strictly increasing on [0, T0).
for every t ∈ [0, T0).
for every t ∈ [0, T0).
for every t ∈ [0, T0).
Because g(t) satisfies (A2), then h'(t) ≥ 0, which implies that h(t) ≥ h(0) = H(0). Moreover, we see that H'(0) > h'(0).
This contradicts H'(t0) = h'(t0). Thus, we have H'(t) > h' (t) ≥ 0, which implies our desired result. The proof of Lemma 2.2 is complete.
then is strictly increasing on [0, T ).
Therefore, by Lemma 2.2, the proof of Lemma 2.3 is complete.
for every t ∈ [0, T).
Obviously, (2.15) contradicts to (2.12). Thus, (2.9) holds for every t ∈ [0, T).
for every t ∈ [0, T). The proof of Lemma 2.4 is complete.
3 The proof of Theorem 1.2
where t2, t3 and a are certain positive constants determined later.
which means that G"(t) > 0 for every t ∈ (0, T).
Since G'(0) ≥ 0 and G(0) ≥ 0, thus we obtain that G' (t) and G(t) are strictly increasing on [0, T).
which implies that B2 - AC ≤ 0.
for every t ∈ [0, T), which means that the function G -β is concave.
The proof of Theorem 1.2 is complete.
This work is supported in part by NSF of PR China (11071266) and in part by Natural Science Foundation Project of CQ CSTC (2010BB9218).
- Fabrizio M, Morro A: Mathematical problems in linear viscoelasticity. SIAM Studies in Applied Mathematics Philadelphia 1992., 12:
- Cavalcanti MM, Cavalcanti VND, Lasiecka I: Well-posedness and optimal decay rates for the wave equation with nonlinear boundary damping source interaction. J Diff Equ 2007, 236(2):407-459. 10.1016/j.jde.2007.02.004View ArticleMathSciNet
- Cavalcanti MM, Cavalcanti VND, Martinez P: Existence and decay rate estimates for the wave equation with nonlinear boundary damping and source term. J Diff Equ 2004, 203(1):119-158. 10.1016/j.jde.2004.04.011View ArticleMathSciNet
- Vitillaro E: A potential well theory for the wave equation with nonlinear source and boundary damping terms. Glasg Math J 2002, 44(3):375-395. 10.1017/S0017089502030045View ArticleMathSciNet
- Vitillaro E: Global existence for the wave equation with nonlinear boundary damping and source terms. J Diff Equ 2002, 186(1):259-298. 10.1016/S0022-0396(02)00023-2View ArticleMathSciNet
- Aassila M, Cavalcanti MM, Cavalcanti VND: Existence and uniform decay of the wave equation with nonlinear boundary damping and boundary memory source term. Calc Var Partial Diff Equ 2002, 15(2):155-180. 10.1007/s005260100096View ArticleMathSciNet
- Aassila M, Cavalcanti MM, Soriano JA: Asymptotic stability and energy decay rates for solutions of the wave equation with memory in a star-shaped domain. SIAM J Control Optim 2000, 38(5):1581-1602. 10.1137/S0363012998344981View ArticleMathSciNet
- Cavalcanti MM, Cavalcanti VND, Soriano JA: Existence and uniform decay rate for viscoelastic problems with nonlinear boundary damping. Diff Integ Equ 2001, 14: 85-116.MathSciNet
- Alves CO, Cavalcanti MM: On existence, uniform decay rates and blow up for solutions of the 2-D wave equation with exponential source. Calc Var Partial Diff Equ 2009, 34(3):377-411. 10.1007/s00526-008-0188-zView ArticleMathSciNet
- Cavalcanti MM, Cavalcanti VND: Existence and asymptotic stability for evolution problems on manifolds with damping and source terms. J Math Anal Appl 2004, 291(1):109-127. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2003.10.020View ArticleMathSciNet
- Levine HA: Some additional remarks on the nonexistence of global solutions to nonlinear wave equations. SIAM J Math Anal 1974, 5: 138-146. 10.1137/0505015View ArticleMathSciNet
- Levine HA, Serrin J: Global nonexistence theorems for quasilinear evolution equation with dissipation. Arch Ration Mech Anal 1997, 137: 341-361. 10.1007/s002050050032View ArticleMathSciNet
- Pucci P, Serrin J: Global nonexistence for abstract evolution equation with positive initial energy. J Diff Equ 1998, 150: 203-214. 10.1006/jdeq.1998.3477View ArticleMathSciNet
- Levine HA, Todorova G: Blow up of solutions of the Cauchy problem for a wave equation with nonlinear damping and source terms and positive initial energy. Proc Am Math Soc 2001, 129: 793-805. 10.1090/S0002-9939-00-05743-9View ArticleMathSciNet
- Todorova G, Vitillaro E: Blow-up for nonlinear dissipative wave equations in R n . J Math Anal Appl 2005, 303: 242-257. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2004.08.039View ArticleMathSciNet
- Gazzola F, Squassina M: Global solutions and finite time blow up for damed semilinear wave equations. Ann Inst H Poincare Anal NonLineaire 2006, 23(2):185-207. 10.1016/j.anihpc.2005.02.007View ArticleMathSciNet
- Zeng R, Mu CL, Zhou SM: A blow up result for Kirchhoff type equations with high energy. Math Methods Appl Sci 2011, 34(4):479-486.MathSciNet
- Cavalcanti MM, Cavalcanti VND, Soriano JA: Exponential decay for the solution of the semilinear viscoelastic wave equations with localized damping. Electron J Diff Equ 2002, 44: 1-14.MathSciNet
- Cavalcanti MM, Oquendo HP: Frictional versus viscoelastic damping in a semilinear wave equation. SIAM J Control Optim 2003, 42(4):1310-1324. 10.1137/S0363012902408010View ArticleMathSciNet
- Messaoudi SA: Blow up and global existence in a nonlinear viscoelastic wave equation. Math Nachr 2003, 260: 58-66. 10.1002/mana.200310104View ArticleMathSciNet
- Messaoudi SA: Blow up of positive-initial-energy solutions of a nonlinear viscoelastic hyperbolic equation. J Math Anal Appl 2006, 320: 902-915. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2005.07.022View ArticleMathSciNet
- Wang YJ, Wang YF: Exponential energy decay of solutions of viscoelastic wave equations. J Math Anal Appl 2008, 347: 18-25. 10.1016/j.jmaa.2008.05.098View ArticleMathSciNet
- Wang YJ: A global nonexistence theorem for viscoelastic equations with arbitrary positive initial energy. Appl Math Lett 2009, 22: 1394-1400. 10.1016/j.aml.2009.01.052View ArticleMathSciNet
- Levine HA: Instability and nonexistence of global solutions of nonlinear wave equation of the form Pu tt = Δ u + F ( u ). Trans Am Math Soc 1974, 192: 1-21.
- Cavalcanti MM, Cavalcanti VND, Ferreira J: Existence and uniform decay for nonlinear viscoelastic equation with strong damping. Math Meth Appl Sci 2001, 24: 1043-1053. 10.1002/mma.250View ArticleMathSciNet
- Georgiev V, Todorova G: Existence of a solution of the wave equation with nonlinear damping and source term. J Diff Equ 1994, 109: 295-308. 10.1006/jdeq.1994.1051View ArticleMathSciNet