- Research Article
- Open Access
Solvability of the Dirichlet Problem for Elliptic Equations in Weighted Sobolev Spaces on Unbounded Domains
© Serena Boccia et al. 2008
Received: 2 March 2008
Accepted: 14 August 2008
Published: 20 August 2008
It is well known that if is bounded, the above problem has been largely studied by several authors under various hypotheses of discontinuity on the leading coefficients and considering the case . In particular, some -bounds for the solutions of the problem (1.1) and related existence and uniqueness theorems have been obtained. Among the other results on this subject, we quote here the classical result of , where the author assumed that the 's belong to . This result was later generalized in different ways, supposing that the derivatives of the leading coefficients belong to some wider spaces. More recently, a relevant contribution to the theory has been given in [2–5], where the coefficients are assumed to be in the class VMO and ; observe here that VMO contains the class .
If the set is unbounded, under assumptions similar to those required in , problem (1.1) has for instance been studied in  with , and in  with . Instead, in [8, 9], the leading coefficients satisfy restrictions similar to those in [2, 3].
In this paper, we study again the problem (1.4). We state a regularity result which allows us to obtain the solvability of the problem.
A similar weighted case was studied in  with the leading coefficients satisfying hypotheses of Miranda's type and when .
2. Weight Functions and Weighted Spaces
Let be any Lebesgue measurable subset of and let be the collection of all Lebesgue measurable subsets of . Let . Denote by the Lebesgue measure of , by the characteristic function of and by the class of restrictions to of functions with . Moreover, if is a space of functions defined on , we denote by the class of all functions such that for any . Finally, for any and , we put , and
We note that the class of all functions which are Lipschitz continuous in with Lipschitz coefficient is contained in (see ).
where depend only on (see ).
We begin to prove the following.
and (2.16) yields the inequality (2.10).
Moreover, denote by the closure of in and put . A more detailed account of properties of the above-defined spaces can be found, for instance, in .
From Lemma 2.1 we can deduce another lemma which we will need in the proof of our regularity result.
3. An Embedding Lemma
We consider the following condition:
From [17, Theorem 3.1] we have the following.
4. A Regularity Result
with the following conditions on the coefficients:
Therefore, from (4.21), we have the result.
5. Existence and Uniqueness Results
In this section, we will prove our existence and uniqueness theorem. To this aim, we need two preliminary lemmas.
where is independent of (see ).
The Dirichlet problem
Moreover, if , then also . Therefore, using the theorem in , we have that the solution of (5.6) belongs to for all , and so the solution of (5.2) lies in for all .
Firstly, suppose that . It follows from Theorem 4.1 that belongs to . Moreover, by [10, Lemma 2.2], lies in .
Suppose now . Then (for all ) and then, using again Theorem 4.1, belongs to . Moreover, by [10, Lemma 2.2], lies in .
Therefore, in both cases, and it is a solution of the equation , so that . Since is dense in (see [14, Proposition 1.1]) and is a closed subspace of by [10, Theorem 4.1], we obtain that . The uniqueness of the solution follows from [10, Theorem 5.2].
we are now in position to state the following uniqueness and existence result.
is uniquely solvable.
is uniquely solvable.
is likewise uniquely solvable. The proof is complete.
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