The Inverse Problem for Elliptic Equations from Dirichlet to Neumann Map in Multiply Connected Domains
© The Author(s) 2009
Received: 10 July 2008
Accepted: 5 January 2009
Published: 15 January 2009
The present paper deals with the inverse problem for linear elliptic equations of second order from Dirichlet to Neumann map in multiply connected domains. Firstly the formulation and the complex form of the problem for the equations are given, and then the existence and global uniqueness of solutions for the above problem are proved by the complex analytic method, where we absorb the advantage of the methods in previous works and give some improvement and development.
1. Formulation of the Inverse Problem for Second-Order Elliptic Equations from Dirichlet to Neumann Map
In [1–9], the authors posed and discussed the inverse problem of second-order elliptic equations. In this paper, by using the complex analytic method, the corresponding problem for linear elliptic complex equations of first-order in multiply connected domains is firstly discussed, afterwards the existence and global uniqueness of solutions of the inverse problem for the elliptic equations of second-order are obtained.
where is the inverse function of , and in is a known Hölder continuously differentiable function (see [10, Section 2, Chapter I]), hence the above requirement can be realized.
where is a positive constant, which is called Problem for (1.1) or (1.4). By [10, 11], Problem has a unique solution (or ) satisfying (1.1) (or (1.4)) and the Dirichlet boundary condition (1.5). From this solution, we can define the Dirichlet to Neumann map or by .
For any function in the Dirichlet boundary condition (1.5), there is a set of the functions of Neumann boundary condition (1.10), where is corresponding to the complex equation (1.4) one by one, namely if we know the boundary value and one complex equation in (1.4), then the boundary value can be determined. Inversely if the in (1.10) is given, then one complex equation in (1.4) can be determined, which will be verified later on. We denote the set of functions by , where is a complex number and is as stated in (1.12).
2. Some Relations of Inverse Problem for Second-Order Elliptic Equations from Dirichlet to Neumann Map
This shows that the formula (2.6) is true.
On the basis of the result in [10, Section 5, Chapter III], the solution in , however, from , there exists a point , such that , which is impossible. This shows that (2.13) and then the estimate (2.12) are true.
we can choose subsequences and , where as , such that in uniformly converges to as , which is a solution of (2.20) in (see ). The uniqueness of solutions of (2.20) can be seen from the proof of Lemma 2.4 below.
have the unique solutions in and respectively, this shows that the function in can be extended in . Moreover by the result in [10, 11], the solution can be expressed as in . Note that as , and the entire function in satisfies the condition as , hence in , and then in .
which is a known function.
3. The Inverse Scattering Method for Second-Order Elliptic Equations from Dirichlet to Neumann Map
such that and as According to the way in , we can obtain the following two lemmas.
Similarly to the way from (3.2) to (3.6), we can obtain the following result.
and for , and . This shows that the function for is known, and then we can solve the solutions of equations in (3.5). On the basis of Lemma 3.2, we can obtain the system of complex equations in (3.12) and the coefficient of (3.1). This is just the so-called inverse scattering method. We mention that sometimes are written as .
We first prove one lemma (see ).
which is the formula (3.25).
and the formula (3.24) is true.
Proof of Lemma 3.3.
which are analytic in with the boundary values on respectively, and satisfy the complex equation (3.1).
4. The Global Uniqueness Result for Inverse Problem of First-Order Elliptic Complex Equations from Dirichlet to Neumann Map
We first prove the Carleman estimate (see ).
Proof of Theorem 4.1.
The research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (10671207).
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