- Research Article
- Open Access
The Boundary Value Problem of the Equations with Nonnegative Characteristic Form
© Limei Li and Tian Ma. 2010
- Received: 22 May 2010
- Accepted: 7 July 2010
- Published: 25 July 2010
We study the generalized Keldys-Fichera boundary value problem for a class of higher order equations with nonnegative characteristic. By using the acute angle principle and the Hölder inequalities and Young inequalities we discuss the existence of the weak solution. Then by using the inverse Hölder inequalities, we obtain the regularity of the weak solution in the anisotropic Sobolev space.
- Weak Solution
- Quasilinear Equation
- Young Inequality
- Linear Partial Differential Operator
- Multiple Index
Keldys  studies the boundary problem for linear elliptic equations with degenerationg on the boundary. For the linear elliptic equations with nonnegative characteristic forms, Oleinik and Radkevich  had discussed the Keldys-Fichera boundary value problem. In 1989, Ma and Yu  studied the existence of weak solution for the Keldys-Fichera boundary value of the nonlinear degenerate elliptic equations of second-order. Chen  and Chen and Xuan , Li , and Wang  had investigated the existence and the regularity of degenerate elliptic equations by using different methods. In this paper, we study the generalized Keldys-Fichera boundary value problem which is a kind of new boundary conditions for a class of higher-order equations with nonnegative characteristic form. We discuss the existence and uniqueness of weak solution by using the acute angle principle, then study the regularity of solution by using inverse Hölder inequalities in the anisotropic Sobolev Space.
For second-order equations with nonnegative characteristic form, Keldys  and Fichera presented a kind of boundary that is the Keldys-Fichera boundary value problem, with that the associated problem is of well-posedness. However, for higher-order ones, the discussion of well-posed boundary value problem has not been seen. Here we will give a kind of boundary value condition, which is consistent with Dirichlet problem if the equations are elliptic, and coincident with Keldys-Fichera boundary value problem when the equations are of second-order.
has to be elliptic.
In order to illustrate the boundary value conditions (2.11)–(2.13), in the following we give an example.
Now we return to discuss the relations between the conditions (2.11)–(2.13) with Dirichlet and Keldys-Fichera boundary value conditions.
It is easy to verify that the problem (2.10)–(2.13) is the Dirichlet problem provided the operator being elliptic (see ). In this case, for all . Besides, (2.13) run over all and , moreover is nondegenerate for any . Solving the system of equations, we get .
We need to check the reasonableness of the boundary value problem (2.10)–(2.13) under the definition of weak solutions, that is, the solution in the classical sense are necessarily the solutions in weak sense, and conversely when a weak solution satisfies certain regularity conditions, it will surely satisfy the given boundary value conditions. Here, we assume that all coefficients of are sufficiently smooth.
From the three equalities above we obtain (2.30).
where In this case, the corresponding trace embedding theorem can be set, and the boundary value condition (2.13) is naturally satisfied. On the other hand, if the weak solution of (2.10)–(2.13) belongs to for some , then by the trace embedding theorems, the condition (2.13) also holds true.
Lemma 2.7 (see ).
Theorem 2.8 (existence theorem).
By Lemma 2.7, the theorem is proven.
Theorem 2.9 (uniqueness theorem).
Under the assumptions of Theorem 2.8 with in (2.48). If the problem (2.10)–(2.13) has a weak solution in , then such a solution is unique. Moreover, if in , , then the weak solution of (2.10)–(2.13) is unique.
Let be a weak solution of (2.10)–(2.13). We can see that (2.30) holds for all . Hence is well defined. Let . Then from (2.49) it follows that , we obtain , which means that the solution of (2.10)–(2.13) in is unique. If all the odd terms of , then (2.30) holds for all , in the same fashion we known that the weak solution of (2.10)–(2.13) in is unique. The proof is complete.
Suppose that the following hold.
In the following, we take an example to illustrate the application of Theorem 3.1.
where is an unit ball in , see Figure 2
We start with an abstract regularity result which is useful for the existence problem of -solutions of degenerate quasilinear elliptic equations of order . Let be the spaces defined in Definition 2.6, and be a reflective Banach space, at the same time .
From (4.15) and (4.17), the estimates (4.12) follows. This completes the proof.
Suppose that the following holds.
The proof of Theorem 4.4 is parallel to that of Theorem 4.3; here we omit the detail.
This project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 10971148).
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