- Open Access
3-D flow of a compressible viscous micropolar fluid with spherical symmetry: uniqueness of a generalized solution
© Mujaković and Dražić; licensee Springer. 2014
- Received: 30 December 2013
- Accepted: 26 June 2014
- Published: 3 October 2014
We consider nonstationary 3-D flow of a compressible viscous heat-conducting micropolar fluid in the domain that is the subset of bounded with two concentric spheres that present the solid thermoinsulated walls. In the thermodynamical sense the fluid is perfect and polytropic. If we assume that the initial density and temperature are strictly positive and that the initial data are sufficiently smooth spherically symmetric functions then our problem has a generalized solution for a sufficiently small time interval. We study the problem in the Lagrangian description and prove the uniqueness of its generalized solution.
- micropolar fluid
- spherical symmetry
- generalized solution
The theory of micropolar fluids was introduced by Ahmed Cemal Eringen in 1960 . Eringen suggested many possible applications of the micropolar fluid, but from the mathematical point of view the theory is still in an early stage of development. The results for incompressible flow are very well systematized in the book of Lukaszewicz , but the theory for compressible flows, especially for flows involving temperature, is still in its beginnings.
In this paper we analyze compressible flow of isotropic, viscous, and heat-conducting micropolar fluid which is in the thermodynamical sense perfect and polytropic. The model for this type of flow was first considered by Mujaković in  where she developed the one-dimensional model. In the same work, the local existence and uniqueness of a generalized solution for homogeneous boundary conditions were proved. In the work  the existence of a solution global in time for the described problem was proved. Mujaković also analyzed the regularity and stabilization for the model, as well as the Cauchy problem . In her recent works, for example , the problem with non-homogeneous boundary condition for density, microrotation, and heat flux was analyzed.
Other authors, for example Chen et al. in  and  or Easwaran and Majumdar in , analyzed different kinds of problems concerning micropolar fluid, as well as in the three-dimensional case, but without the temperature. Till now the described model of compressible micropolar fluid (model with temperature) in the three-dimensional case has been considered just in  by Dražić and Mujaković in the spherically symmetric case.
Spherically symmetric flow for a classical fluid was considered for example in –, and . Uniqueness of the solution for the problems with a classical fluid in the spherically symmetric case was proved in . For a micropolar fluid in the one-dimensional case, the uniqueness results are given for example in  for the Cauchy problem. The uniqueness problem for the micropolar fluid was also considered in  but for a fluid which is not heat-conducting.
In this work we prove the uniqueness of the solution for the problem presented in  where we proved the local existence of generalized spherically symmetric solution for the flow of described fluid in the domain to be subset of bounded with two concentric spheres that present solid thermoinsulated walls, assuming that the initial density and temperature are strictly positive and that the initial data are smooth enough spherically symmetric functions.
( is radius of the smaller boundary sphere (see )).
In this paper we study the uniqueness of a generalized solution which is defined as follows.
Our proof of the uniqueness does not depend on the size of the time existence interval . Because of that, hereafter we will take .
The aim of this paper is to prove the following result.
As has already been mentioned, the analogous theorems for the one-dimensional case have been proved in  and . In  was considered the one-dimensional problem with the same type of boundary and initial conditions as in this article. In  there is a proof of the uniqueness theorem for the Cauchy problem of the described fluid in the one-dimensional case. In the proof of Theorem 2.2 we use the method described in , where it has been applied for the one-dimensional case of a classical fluid (problem without the microrotation variable ω) and also we use some ideas from  and .
(is the radius of smaller boundary sphere; see) for each.
Because of simplicity, hereafter we will consider the specific volume instead of density ρ.
where , , , , , , and .
for , . We also have .
The proof of Theorem 2.2 is based on getting four inequalities which we use to control the bounds of the values of the functions u, v, ω, and θ. These inequalities we prove in the following four lemmas.
and Theorem 2.2 is proved.
The paper was made with financial support of scientific project ‘Mathematical and numerical modelling of compressible micropolar fluid flow’ (18.104.22.168.03), University of Rijeka, Croatia.
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